What is a wall shelves?

A wall shelf, also known as a wall-mounted shelf or a floating shelf, is a horizontal platform that is attached to a wall to provide storage or display space. It is typically made of wood, metal, or other materials and comes in various sizes, shapes, and styles.

Wall shelves are designed to be mounted on the wall, often using brackets or other support systems that are either visible or hidden. They can be installed in any room of a house or a commercial space, such as living rooms, bedrooms, kitchens, offices, or retail stores.

wall shelves

Tools and materials needed to make a wall shelves

Tape Measure: accurately measure the dimensions of walls and blocks of wood.

Saws: Whether you choose a circular, miter or hand saw, a reliable saw is essential for cutting wood to the right size.

Drills and bits: you’ll need drills to make holes for screws and anchors during the installation process.

Leveling: make sure your ledge is perfectly straight and aligned.

Screwdriver: for securing the shelf to the wall and fixing the brackets or supports.

Lumber: Choose quality lumber that suits your design preferences and shelf load-bearing requirements.

Screws, anchors and brackets: These are used to secure the shelf to the wall and provide additional support.

Tools and materials needed to make a wall shelves

What materials are suitable for making wall shelves


Due to its adaptability and attractive natural qualities, wood is a preferred material for wall shelves. Shelves can be made from a variety of woods, including pine, oak, and walnut, and in a variety of finishes and designs. Wood shelves can be given a rustic or modern appearance by staining, painting, or leaving them unfinished.


Steel or iron shelves, which are composed of metal, provide a sleek, contemporary appearance. They are strong and capable of holding larger objects. Metal shelves are frequently utilized in minimalist or industrial design aesthetics.

Metal wall shelves

Acrylic or Plastic

Shelves made of acrylic or plastic are portable and adaptable. They are appropriate for modern and eclectic decor because they come in a variety of hues and styles. For exhibiting tiny things or in bathrooms and kitchens where moisture resistance is needed, acrylic shelves are frequently utilized.


Glass shelves give a room a sophisticated, airy feel. Since they are transparent, light may pass through them, giving the appearance of being airy and open. For showcasing fragile or ornamental things, glass shelves are frequently utilized.

Glass wall shelves

Laminate or Melamine

A wood particleboard or MDF (medium-density fiberboard) core with a laminated or melamine-coated surface makes up laminated or melamine shelves. They are a sensible option for utility or storage shelves because they are inexpensive, simple to clean, and available in a variety of finishes and colors.

Combination of Materials

Additionally, you can combine various materials to make interesting and beautiful wall shelves. For instance, a glass shelf with wood accents or a wooden shelf with metal brackets might offer a fashionable touch to your room.

How to build wall shelves?

Measure and plan

Establish the appropriate placement and size for your wall shelves. Consider the goods you want to show or store on the shelves while measuring the available wall space. Create a design or a plan to serve as a blueprint for your construction.

Measure and plan

Gather materials and tools

Gather all the tools and materials required in accordance with your design and dimensions. It also includes the necessary tools, such as a drill, level, measuring tape, and screwdriver, as well as the shelf boards, brackets or supports, screws or mounting hardware, wall anchors and so on.

Prepare the shelf boards

Using a saw or other cutting device, cut the shelf boards to the required length. To provide a smooth finish, sand the boards’ edges and surfaces with sandpaper or a sanding block.

Prepare the shelf boards

Mark and install brackets

Using your design and dimensions, decide where the brackets or supports should be placed on the wall. Make sure the brackets are straight and level by using a level. Put a pencil or marker to the wall and note the positions.

Mark and install brackets

Mount the brackets

The shelf boards should be cut to the desired length using a saw or other cutting tool. Sand the boards’ edges and surfaces with sandpaper or a sanding block to create a smooth finish.

Attach the shelf boards

Over the installed brackets or supports, place the prepared shelf planks. Depending on the design, you might need to fasten the boards to the brackets with screws, wood glue, or other tools. Make sure the boards are properly centered and aligned.

Finishing touches

The shelf boards and brackets can be painted or stained to complement your decor. Using a paintbrush or roller, apply the selected finish and let it air dry entirely.

painted or stained wall shelves


To further improve the look and usability of the wall shelves, add extra decorative components or accessories like trim, molding, or hooks.

Test and secure

Test the shelves’ stability and weight-bearing ability after everything has been put together. Make any necessary modifications or enhancements to the shelves to make sure they are safe and capable of supporting the specified items.

Things to consider when installing a wall shelves

Wall Condition

Examine the wall’s condition before planning where to put the shelves. Make sure the wall is solidly built and capable of bearing the weight of the shelves and the goods that will be put on them. Before beginning the installation, the wall may need to be repaired or reinforced if it has any damage or weak points.

Wall Condition

Weight Capacity

Based on the goods you intend to store or exhibit, determine the weight capacity required for your shelves. There are various weight restrictions for various materials and mounting techniques.

Make that the wall anchors, supports, and brackets you choose can withstand the anticipated load. If you’re unsure of the weight capability, it’s best to err on the side of caution and select stronger materials.

Studs and Wall Anchors

Since they offer the strongest support for wall shelves, find the studs in the wall. Find the stud positions by tapping or using a stud finder.

If the studs are not conveniently placed for the location of your preferred shelf, think about utilizing wall anchors or toggle bolts to offer extra stability. Make that the anchors you choose can support the weight and are appropriate for the wall material (drywall, concrete, or plaster, for example).

Shelf Spacing and Dimensions

Based on the things you intend to store, determine the distance between each shelf. To guarantee that the objects fit on the shelves pleasantly and without being crowded, take into account their height and size.

To establish the overall height and width of the shelves, measure the amount of wall space that is accessible. Be mindful of any obstacles, such as electrical outlets or light switches.

Shelf Spacing and Dimensions

Mounting Method

Select the best mounting technique for your shelves. Hidden supports, floating shelf brackets, and brackets are popular choices.

Each technique has different installation needs and visual effects. When choosing the mounting technique for your shelves, take into account the aesthetic and functionality you want.

Level and Alignment

Make sure the shelves are properly aligned and installed level. Check each shelf’s horizontal alignment using a level, and make any required adjustments. The aesthetics and functionality of misaligned shelves can both be negative.


Think about how easily the shelves will be accessed after installation. Make sure the shelf height enables simple reach and retrieval of objects. Place the shelves at a practical height for easy access if you intend to keep frequently used products.


Finishing and Aesthetics

Pay close attention to the finishing details to improve the shelves’ overall appearance. To get a flawless finish, sand the shelves’ edges and surfaces.

To create a focal point or to match the decor of your home, think about painting or staining the shelves. Consider adding trim or other ornamental components as well to further personalize and enhance the shelves.

Recommend reading:

How to Build Wall to Wall Shelving

How to Build DIY Wall Shelves

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